Prostate Cancer Symptoms and Treatments

The Prostate Gland – What Is It And What Is Its Function?

February 23rd, 2011

Prostate Gland: What Is it, What’s The Function and What’s The Medical Ailments Associated With It

No doubt you’ve heard of the prostate gland but have you ever really known what it is and what function it plays on the body? The prostate gland is one part of the human male productive system. It’s in charge for the making of the clear liquid that makes up approximately 30 percent of the semen to protect the sperm in intercourse. It’s situated underneath the bladder and in front of the rectum. It partially encloses the urethra, which is responsible for carrying the urine away from the bladder and out the body.

In childhood, the prostate gland is quite small. In fact, it’s no bigger than the size of a pea. However, in puberty, it quickly grows because it’s responding to the male hormone testosterone production. A mature male’s prostate is roughly walnut size and weighs roughly an ounce.

There are three sections to the prostate gland, which are the transition, peripheral and central.

The peripheral section of the prostate is at the back of the gland. It’s the part of the gland that both prostate cancer and prostatitis is more likely to grow. In the transition section, doctors will find the condition benign prostatic hyperplasia. This section lays smack dab in the middle of the gland and encompasses the urethra.

The prostate gland has an array of problems that can be associated with it; although the most common of them all is BPH. It’s a condition in which non-cancerous cells grow in the transitional part of the gland and causes it to enlarge and put pressure onto the urethra. When there is pressure on the urethra, it can be harder for a man to pee. Another well-known problem that can occur in the gland is prostatitis, which is an irritation of the gland. Another problem is prostate cancer.

More than half the men in the world, by the time they are 60 years old, will have suffered with an enlarged prostate gland. This increases to around 90 percent by the time they reach 80 years old. Prostate cancer will affect nearly 17 percent of the male population, resulting in around 30,000 deaths just in the United States.